Clasificación del calzado de seguridad industrial
The different types of industrial safety footwear are part of a PPE that every worker must wear when carrying out an activity that carries a certain risk.
They are elements that are regulated by law, and therefore, in some cases they may be mandatory.
But which one to choose based on its classification?
Classification of safety footwear
Industrial safety footwear is regulated by the UNE EN ISO 20345 standard.
In it, it generally establishes two classifications based on the materials with which they have been manufactured:
- Classification I : It is made up of safety footwear made of leather and similar materials.
- Classification II : It is the one that includes footwear made from polymeric mole or any type of rubber.
To differentiate the different types, certain prefixes are included on their manufacturing labels, and they must be visible in order to identify their different properties.
De acuerdo a esto, se establece la siguiente clasificación de calzado de seguridad:
- SB : They include models made with materials of classification I and II. They have a resistant safety toe cap up to 200 J.
- S1 : To the properties of SBs, we must add that they are antistatic, the heel is closed and they have energy absorption.
- S2 : They are S1 plus impermeability and resistance to penetration.
- S1P : They carry the characteristics of the S1 plus a resistance in the sole to penetration (P).
- S3 : These are the S2 + projections on the sole + a penetration resistance in it (P).
All of these belong to type I of the classification.
In type II we find:
- S4 : SB + energy absorption in the heel + antistatic.
- S5 : S4 + sole with projections + resistance to penetration in it.
All these suffixes establish common properties by categories, but, in addition, they can have another letter that designates others added to them.
To name a few, we have:
- SR: Non-slip sole .
- WR: Water resistant .
- E: Energy absorption in the heel.
- P: Puncture resistant.
- CR: Resistance to cutting.
- HRO: Sole that resists high temperatures.
- FO: Soles that resist fuels and oils.
- CI: Cold insulating sole.
- HI: Heat insulating sole.
How you should choose the right safety footwear
Each work activity carries specific risks and must be properly analyzed to preserve the health of workers.
RD 773/1997 includes the different measures that must be taken into account to protect the health and safety of the people who work in each work activity.
At the same time, it indicates, depending on the job, when the use of different types of industrial safety footwear is mandatory.
Therefore, depending on the different risks, it is how the appropriate safety footwear should be chosen .
And, in addition, it is the company that has the obligation to provide them to the workers.
In short, the different types of industrial safety footwear are classified according to the materials with which they are made and the different protective properties they may have.
Each of them contains a suffix that expresses all these characteristics, and that allows a correct choice taking into account the specific risks of the work activity.